Distribution and biological peculiarities in Armenia: The species occupies Caucasus region of Eurasia, western, central and southeastern Asia. Armenia is inhabited by subspecies A.c. kurdestanica Meinertzhagen, 1923. In Armenian the species is distributed primarily in central Armenia from Mt Aragats east through the Lake Sevan basin, also throughout Araks Valley and further south to the Iranian border, occupying rocky slopes and cliff formations, usually on clay soils in habitats ranging from semidesert to arid mountain steppe. Year-round resident. It breeds on the mountain slopes under rocks, bushes, or grass clumps, having from 10 to 20 eggs in the clutch. The fledglings are observed in June-September. The food of the species is mainly plants and insects, taking bulbous roots, grains and shoots of grasses and cereals as well as leaves, buds, flowers and berries.