Garganey Anas querquedula, Чирок-трескунок, Ճքճքան մրտիմն
Distribution and biological peculiarities in Armenia: The species occupies western, central and eastern Asia.The species is monotypic. In Armenian the species is distributed in Lake Aroi, throughout Lake Sevan basin, in Araks Valley, and at reservoirs in both northern and southern Armenia, occupying small natural and man-made lakes, rivers and river deltas, and marshes with sparse vegetation. Year-round resident. It breeds on the (place), having up to 10 eggs in the clutch. The fledglings are observed in July. The food of the species in spring and summer is dominated by animal matter: chiefly molluscs, aquatic insects and their larvae (waterbugs, caddisfly, waterbeetles, midges), crustaceans (ostracods and phyllopods especially), worms, leeches, young and spawn of frogs, and small fish. Seeds, roots, tubers, stems, leaves and buds of plants such as Hornwort (Ceratophyllum), Naiad (Najas), sedge, grass and other aquatic plants are also important at this time. During non-breeding season the birds are mainly vegetarian, with a diet dominated by the seeds of pondweeds, smartweeds (Polygonum), sedges, dock (Rumex), wild rice and grass, (with the seeds of Echinochloa colona, Nymphea micranthia and Nymphea lotus being the most preferred food items).
Population dynamics: According to the last estimation, population of the species makes from 50 to 100 breeding pairs. Population trend during last ten years demonstrates______________. The most probable reasons are supposed to be ___________________________________.
Conservation Measures: At current the breeding populations of the species are protected in. Parts of the breeding and migratory ranges are included in the Emerald Network, protected under Bern Convention. The proposed conservation measures include increase of Emerald Sites for protection of the species.