Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus, Турач, Թուրաջ
Distribution and biological peculiarities in Armenia: The species occupies Caucasus region of Eurasia, western and central Asia. Armenia is inhabited by subspecies F. f. francolinus Linnaeus, 1766. In Armenian the species is distributed in southernmost Armenia near Meghri and Aldara along the border with Iran, occupying dense, almost impenetrable thickets of Common Reed (Phragmites australis) and shrubs such as Dewberry (Rubus caesius) and willow (Salix) along the Araks River. Year-round resident. It breeds in tall grasses, on the ground, having from 10 to 14 eggs in the clutch. The fledglings are observed in May. The food of the species is mainly seeds of grasses, weeds and cereal crops, shoots, leaves, tubers, berries and figs as well as insects. Population dynamics: According to the last estimation, population of the species makes from 50 to 100 breeding pairs. Population trend during last ten years demonstrates______________. The most probable reasons are supposed to be ___________________________________.
Conservation Measures: At current the breeding populations of the species are protected in ______________. Parts of the breeding and migratory ranges are included in the Emerald Network, protected under Bern Convention. The proposed conservation measures include increase of Emerald Sites for protection of the species.